ملاحظات الزلمي بخصوص عيوب الإرادة – SUE Conferences

ملاحظات الزلمي بخصوص عيوب الإرادة

هيوا إبراهيم قادر

جامعة صلاح الدين – أربيل/ كليه‌ القانون

Email: Hewa.qadir@su.edu.krd

DOI: 10.31972/zalmy.19.01.006

الملخص

ينشأ العقد من التقاء إرادتين (إيجاب وقبول) لإحداث أثر قانوني، ولإبرام العقد يشترط توافر أركان ثلاثة، هي التراضي والمحل والسبب، فضلاً عن ركن الشكلية إذا نص عليه القانون. ويعد التراضي أهم أركان العقد، حيث يستلزم هذا الركن وجود التراضي فضلاً عن صحته. أي أنه لا يكفي لإبرام العقد وجود التراضي من خلال التعبير عن الإرادة وإنما يجب أن يكون هذا التراضي صحيحاً، ويكون كذلك إذا كان التعبير عن الإرادة صادراً عن شخص يتمتع بأهلية الأداء وسليماً من عيوب الإرادة أو ما يسمى بعيوب التراضي. وقد نظم المشرع العراقي في المواد (112-125) من القانون المدني العراقي رقم (40) لسنة 1951، عيوب الإرادة وقسمها إلى الإكراه والغلط والتغرير مع الغبن والاستغلال، ووضع لكل منها أحكاماً معينة بحيث تؤثر على مدى صحة التراضي ومن ثم انعقاد العقد. وكان للأستاذ المرحوم الدكتور مصطفى إبراهيم الزلمي ملاحظات قيمة في هذا المجال بخصوص معالجة المشرع العراقي والتشريعات المقارنة لعيوب التراضي، ويهدف هذا البحث إلى تسليط الضوء على ملاحظات الزلمي بخصوص عيوب التراضي وبيان الانتقادات الموجهة للتنظيم القانوني لهذه العيوب في التشريعات المقارنة وما قدمه الزلمي من مقترحات في هذا المجال مع بيان رأينا المتواضع كلما استلزم الأمر وذلك بالاعتماد على المنهج التحليلي المقارن. الكلمات الدالة: الزلمي، عيوب الإرادة، الغلط، الإكراه، التغرير، الغبن، الاستغلال

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

98 reviews
  • 100 USDT
    5:05 am - February 17, 2024.

    Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me? https://www.binance.info/ur/join?ref=B4EPR6J0

  • prinivil 5 mg
    10:10 am - May 3, 2024.
  • sightcare
    11:42 am - May 4, 2024.

    SightCare formula aims to maintain 20/20 vision without the need for any surgical process. This supplement is a perfect solution for people facing issues as they grow older. https://sightcare-web.com/

  • WeJiJ
    2:02 am - May 6, 2024.

    WeJiJ is here to help get you the best gaming setup, gaming PC and guide you through the games you like to play with news, reviews and guides. https://wejij.com/

  • Axget
    2:04 am - May 6, 2024.

    Find the latest technology news and expert tech product reviews. Learn about the latest gadgets and consumer tech products for entertainment, gaming, lifestyle and more. https://axget.com/

  • EasierWWW
    2:05 am - May 6, 2024.

    Easier WWW is a leading technology site that is dedicated to produce great how-to, tips and tricks and cool software review. https://easierwww.com/

  • testosil
    2:34 am - May 6, 2024.

    Testosil is a natural polyherbal testosterone booster designed to help men increase their testosterone levels safely and effectively. https://testosil-web.com/

  • nagano tonic
    3:08 am - May 6, 2024.

    Nagano Lean Body Tonic is a groundbreaking powdered supplement crafted to support your weight loss journey effortlessly. https://naganotonic-try.com/

  • semenax
    3:10 am - May 6, 2024.

    – Shoot MASSIVE Loads For An Amazing Finish! https://semenax-try.com/

  • zencortex
    3:18 am - May 6, 2024.

    ZenCortex Research’s contains only the natural ingredients that are effective in supporting incredible hearing naturally.A unique team of health and industry professionals dedicated to unlocking the secrets of happier living through a healthier body. https://zencortex-try.com/

  • serolean official
    3:21 am - May 6, 2024.

    Serolean, a revolutionary weight loss supplement, zeroes in on serotonin—the key neurotransmitter governing mood, appetite, and fat storage. https://serolean-web.com/

  • quietum plus official
    5:12 am - May 6, 2024.

    Support the health of your ears with 100% natural ingredients, finally being able to enjoy your favorite songs and movies https://quietumplus-try.com/

  • peak bioboost official
    5:15 am - May 6, 2024.

    Peak BioBoost is a revolutionary dietary supplement that leverages the power of nature to support and improve your digestive system. https://peakbioboost-web.com/

  • gutoptim
    6:18 am - May 6, 2024.

    GutOptim is a digestive health supplement designed to support your gut and stomach. It restore balance in gut flora and reduce the symptoms of digestive disorders. https://gutoptim-try.com/

  • burn boost official
    7:30 am - May 6, 2024.

    Burn Boost Powder™ is a proven weight loss powder drink that helps to lose weight and boosts the overall metabolism in the body. https://burnboost-web.com

  • nano defense
    7:33 am - May 6, 2024.

    NanoDefense Pro utilizes a potent blend of meticulously chosen components aimed at enhancing the wellness of both your nails and skin. https://nanodefense-web.com/

  • flowforce max
    5:53 pm - May 6, 2024.

    FlowForce Max is an innovative, natural and effective way to address your prostate problems, while addressing your energy, libido, and vitality. https://flowforcemax-web.com/

  • semenax
    6:43 pm - May 6, 2024.

    CLINICALLY PROVEN* To Increase Semen Volume And Intensity https://semenax-try.com/

  • duotrim
    7:44 pm - May 6, 2024.

    DuoTrim is an innovative weight loss supplement that utilizes the power of natural plants and nutrients to create CSM bacteria https://duotrim-us.com/

  • biofit official
    8:00 pm - May 6, 2024.

    BioFit is a Nutritional Supplement That Uses Probiotics To Help You Lose Weight https://biofit-web.com/

  • dentitox official
    8:47 pm - May 6, 2024.

    Dentitox Pro is a liquid dietary solution created as a serum to support healthy gums and teeth. Dentitox Pro formula is made in the best natural way with unique, powerful botanical ingredients that can support healthy teeth. https://dentitox-us.com/

  • sugar balance
    9:43 pm - May 6, 2024.

    Sugar Balance is an ultra-potent blood sugar supplement that you can use to help control glucose levels, melt away fat and improve your overall health. https://sugarbalance-us.com/

  • glucoflush official
    10:07 pm - May 6, 2024.

    GlucoFlush is an advanced formula specially designed for pancreas support that will let you promote healthy weight by effectively maintaining the blood sugar level and cleansing and strengthening your gut. https://glucoflush-us.com/

  • vivo tonic
    11:01 pm - May 6, 2024.

    Vivo Tonic is a remarkable blood sugar support nutritional supplement that offers a wide range of benefits. https://vivotonic-web.com/

  • vivotonic
    1:12 am - May 7, 2024.

    VivoTonic™ is a 11-in-1 vital blood sugar support formula that may improve how the metabolism goes after the calories that consumers eat. https://vivotonic-web.com/

  • aquapeace
    2:37 am - May 7, 2024.

    AquaPeace is an all-natural nutritional formula that uses a proprietary and potent blend of ingredients and nutrients to improve overall ear and hearing health and alleviate the symptoms of tinnitus. https://aquapeace-web.com

  • foliprime
    2:49 am - May 7, 2024.

    FoliPrime is a simple serum containing a blend of vitamins designed to boost hair health. FoliPrime has 100 percent natural substances that enhance and supplement the vitamins in the scalp to promote hair growth. https://foliprime-web.com/

  • gut vita
    3:55 am - May 7, 2024.

    Gut Vita™ is a daily supplement that helps consumers to improve the balance in their gut microbiome, which supports the health of their immune system. It supports healthy digestion, even for consumers who have maintained an unhealthy diet for a long time. https://gutvita-us.com/

  • neurothrive official
    5:01 am - May 7, 2024.

    Neuro-Thrive is a brain health supplement that claims to promote good memory and thinking skills and better quality sleep. This nootropic supplement achieves its cause with its potent blend of natural compounds and extracts that are proven to be effective in sharpening mental acuity. https://neurothrive-web.com/

  • fast lean
    5:05 am - May 7, 2024.

    Fast Lean Pro is a herbal supplement that tricks your brain into imagining that you’re fasting and helps you maintain a healthy weight no matter when or what you eat. It offers a novel approach to reducing fat accumulation and promoting long-term weight management. https://fastleanpro-web.com/

  • pronail complex official
    5:34 am - May 7, 2024.

    The ProNail Complex is a meticulously-crafted natural formula which combines extremely potent oils and skin-supporting vitamins. https://pronailcomplex-web.com/https://pronailcomplex-web.com/

  • erectin official
    6:41 am - May 7, 2024.

    Erectin is a clinically-proven dietary supplement designed to enhance male https://erectin-web.com/

  • powerbite
    9:02 am - May 7, 2024.

    PowerBite stands as an innovative dental candy, dedicated to nurturing healthy teeth and gums. Infused with a potent formula, it champions the cause of a robust and radiant smile. Crafted meticulously https://powerbite-web.com/

  • protoflow official
    9:11 am - May 7, 2024.

    Protoflow is a prostate health supplement featuring a blend of plant extracts, vitamins, minerals, fruit extracts, and more. https://protoflow-web.com/

  • boostaro official
    10:11 am - May 7, 2024.

    Boostaro is a dietary supplement designed specifically for men who suffer from health issues. https://boostaro-try.com/

  • puravive
    10:19 am - May 7, 2024.

    Unlock the incredible potential of Puravive! Supercharge your metabolism and incinerate calories like never before with our unique fusion of 8 exotic components. Bid farewell to those stubborn pounds and welcome a reinvigorated metabolism and boundless vitality. Grab your bottle today and seize this golden opportunity! https://puravive-web.com/

  • cerebrozen
    10:58 am - May 7, 2024.

    Cerebrozen is an excellent liquid ear health supplement purported to relieve tinnitus and improve mental sharpness, among other benefits. The Cerebrozen supplement is made from a combination of natural ingredients, and customers say they have seen results in their hearing, focus, and memory after taking one or two droppers of the liquid solution daily for a week. https://cerebrozen-try.com/

  • payments news
    9:10 am - May 9, 2024.

    Payments Latest provides in-depth journalism and insight into the most impactful news and trends shaping payments. https://paymentslatest.com/

  • drugs
    2:35 pm - May 19, 2024.
  • ダッチワイフ
    3:17 pm - May 20, 2024.

    ラブドール アニメ あなたがあなたのパートナーにセックス人形を贈ることについて考えるべき5つの理由

  • geinoutime.com
    7:16 pm - May 23, 2024.

    geinoutime.com
    Fang Jifan은 Zhang 가족 형제를 구하고 싶지 않았고 감히이 구덩이에 빠지지 않았습니다 …

  • boostaro official
    11:33 pm - May 24, 2024.

    Thank you so much!

  • Sight care website
    9:15 am - May 26, 2024.

    Best Natural Way to Restore Your Perfect Vision https://sightcare-eye.com/

  • covid vaccines tinnitus
    8:40 pm - May 27, 2024.

    It is very comforting to see that others are suffering from the same problem as you, wow!

  • geinoutime.com
    8:39 pm - May 28, 2024.

    geinoutime.com
    그들은 곁눈질로 Xu Jing을 바라볼 수밖에 없었습니다.

  • cialis 100 mg
    4:49 pm - May 29, 2024.

    It is very comforting to see that others are suffering from the same problem as you, wow!

  • Sugar Defender buy
    7:58 am - May 30, 2024.

    Experience the benefits of Sugar Defender as part of your daily wellness routine. – https:/defenders-sugar.com/

  • 슬롯
    1:32 pm - June 14, 2024.

    geinoutime.com
    이 충격에 훈훈한 정자에 있던 모든 군주와 신하들은 눈살을 찌푸렸다.

  • drugs
    5:35 am - June 18, 2024.
  • online
    2:21 pm - June 18, 2024.
  • medication
    11:10 am - June 20, 2024.
  • purchase
    7:46 am - June 21, 2024.
  • drug
    1:01 am - June 22, 2024.
  • online
    1:46 pm - June 22, 2024.
  • sale
    10:24 am - June 23, 2024.
  • pharmacy
    1:59 pm - June 24, 2024.
  • purchase
    8:53 pm - June 25, 2024.
  • pharmacy
    9:01 pm - June 25, 2024.
  • tablets
    5:38 pm - June 27, 2024.
  • medication
    4:10 am - June 28, 2024.
  • purchase
    4:26 am - June 29, 2024.
  • online
    8:48 am - June 29, 2024.
  • drug
    9:53 pm - June 29, 2024.
  • medication
    8:37 pm - June 30, 2024.
  • sale
    5:25 am - July 1, 2024.
  • drugs
    1:05 am - July 3, 2024.
  • prescription
    9:12 pm - July 3, 2024.
  • medication
    1:41 pm - July 4, 2024.
  • cheap
    2:23 am - July 5, 2024.
  • order
    10:30 pm - July 5, 2024.
  • leanbiome
    10:03 pm - July 6, 2024.

    LeanBiome is a dietary supplement designed to promote weight loss and improve overall health. It is formulated with a unique blend of probiotics, prebiotics, and natural ingredients that work together to support a healthy gut microbiome. The gut microbiome plays a crucial role in digestion, metabolism, and the immune system. By optimizing the gut microbiome, LeanBiome aims to help individuals achieve their weight loss goals more effectively and sustainably. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/leanbiome/

  • tonic greens
    12:29 am - July 7, 2024.

    Tonic Greens has gained popularity as a health supplement known for its rich blend of vitamins, minerals, and plant extracts. This article explores its composition, potential health benefits, usage instructions, and possible side effects. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/tonicgreens/

  • sight care
    12:44 am - July 7, 2024.

    SightCare is a revolutionary dietary supplement designed to support and maintain optimal eye health. In today’s digital age, where screens dominate our daily lives, the need for effective eye care solutions has never been greater. SightCare aims to meet this need with its scientifically formulated blend of essential nutrients and antioxidants. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/sightcare/

  • tablets
    1:15 am - July 7, 2024.
  • boostaro
    1:27 am - July 7, 2024.

    Boostaro stands out as a natural solution for boosting energy levels and supporting overall vitality. Its blend of caffeine, adaptogens, and essential nutrients offers a balanced approach to enhancing physical and mental energy. As with any supplement, consult with a healthcare professional before starting, especially if you have any health concerns or sensitivities. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/boostaro/

  • prostabiome
    1:44 am - July 7, 2024.

    Prostadine is a dietary supplement formulated to support prostate health, particularly in men experiencing symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or other prostate-related issues. As men age, maintaining prostate health becomes increasingly important to avoid urinary discomfort and other related problems. Prostadine aims to provide a natural solution through a blend of ingredients known for their beneficial effects on the prostate. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/prostabiome

  • prostadine
    6:01 am - July 7, 2024.

    Prostadine is a dietary supplement formulated to support prostate health, particularly in men experiencing symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or other prostate-related issues. As men age, maintaining prostate health becomes increasingly important to avoid urinary discomfort and other related problems. Prostadine aims to provide a natural solution through a blend of ingredients known for their beneficial effects on the prostate. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/prostadine/

  • glucotil
    7:17 am - July 7, 2024.

    Glucotil is a dietary supplement designed to support healthy blood sugar levels and overall metabolic health. Managing blood sugar is crucial for individuals with diabetes or pre-diabetes, as well as for those looking to maintain healthy energy levels and prevent future metabolic issues. Glucotil combines natural ingredients that have been shown to positively affect blood glucose regulation and insulin sensitivity.
    https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/glucotil/

  • sugar defender
    11:26 pm - July 7, 2024.

    Sugar Defender is a dietary supplement designed to help regulate blood sugar levels and support overall metabolic health. Targeting individuals with pre-diabetes, diabetes, or those seeking to maintain stable blood sugar levels, Sugar Defender combines natural ingredients known for their ability to improve glucose metabolism and enhance insulin sensitivity. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/sugardefender/

  • nagano tonic
    12:13 am - July 8, 2024.

    Nagano Tonic is a dietary supplement designed to promote overall health and wellness. Drawing inspiration from traditional Japanese medicine and modern nutritional science, Nagano Tonic incorporates a blend of natural ingredients known for their health-boosting properties. This supplement aims to enhance energy levels, support immune function, and improve overall vitality. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/naganotonicleanbelly/

  • zencortex
    12:55 am - July 8, 2024.

    ZenCortex is a nootropic supplement designed to enhance cognitive function, support brain health, and improve mental clarity. By combining a blend of natural ingredients known for their neuroprotective and cognitive-enhancing properties, ZenCortex aims to boost memory, focus, and overall brain performance. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/zencortex/

  • serolean
    1:35 am - July 8, 2024.

    SeroLean is a dietary supplement designed to support weight loss and overall metabolic health. By leveraging the power of natural ingredients, SeroLean aims to help individuals achieve their weight management goals by enhancing serotonin levels, reducing appetite, and promoting fat metabolism. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/serolean/

  • leangene
    2:17 am - July 8, 2024.

    LeanGene is a dietary supplement designed to support weight loss and metabolic health by targeting genetic and metabolic pathways. Utilizing a blend of natural ingredients, LeanGene aims to enhance fat burning, suppress appetite, and improve overall metabolic function, helping individuals achieve their weight management goals more effectively.
    https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/leangene/

  • pineal xt
    3:31 am - July 8, 2024.

    Pineal XT is a dietary supplement formulated to enhance sleep quality and support sleep patterns. Known for its natural ingredients, Pineal XT particularly focuses on boosting melatonin production, aiding individuals in managing sleep-related issues effectively. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/pinealxt/

  • prodentim
    6:47 am - July 8, 2024.

    Prodentim offers a range of innovative dental care products designed to promote optimal oral health. From toothpaste to oral rinses, Prodentim products are formulated with advanced ingredients to address various dental concerns and enhance overall oral hygiene. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/prodentim/

  • puravive
    7:26 am - July 8, 2024.

    Puravive is a dietary supplement designed to support weight loss and overall metabolic health. By leveraging a blend of natural ingredients known for their fat-burning and metabolism-boosting properties, Puravive aims to help individuals achieve their weight management goals and enhance their overall well-being. https://sites.google.com/spsw.edu.pl/puravive-web/

  • pills
    8:12 am - July 8, 2024.

    [url=http://mcadvair.online/]advair inhaler[/url]

  • pills
    8:20 am - July 8, 2024.
  • Anonymous
    7:07 pm - July 11, 2024.
  • online
    7:07 am - July 16, 2024.
  • instrumenta.org
    3:05 pm - July 16, 2024.
  • pills
    11:56 pm - July 16, 2024.
  • drugs
    12:51 pm - July 17, 2024.
  • medication
    11:29 am - July 19, 2024.